What People Need to Know About Allergies

What People Need to Know About Allergies

When it comes to allergies people should know that it occurs when the immunity reacts to something. Usually, it’s something harmless. Those triggers, commonly known as allergens can be different.

They can be animal dander, foods, pollen, mold or other things which irritate one’s skin. What most people don’t know is that allergies are quite common. As a matter of fact, in 5 people at least 1 has an allergy.

Allergic Reaction- What Happens During It?

The allergic reaction begins when a person comes into contact with a trigger that they swallow, get on their skin, or inhale. That the body begins to produce a protein by the name IgE, that grabs onto the trigger.

Then chemicals such as histamine get released into the blood, and that is how the symptoms occur.

The Symptoms

The symptoms depend on how people are exposed through an insect sting, through air, food, or skin.

Symptoms of skin allergy are:

  • Rashes
  • Hives – a rash that comes with raised red patches

Symptoms of nasal allergy are:

  • Feeling ill or tired
  • Watery, itchy eyes
  • Runny, itchy nose
  • Sneezing

Symptoms of insect sting are:

  • Pain on the affected area
  • Swelling
  • Redness

Symptoms of food allergies are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach cramps

The symptoms might range from mild all the way to severe. The mild ones might be unnoticeable. Moderate ones can make people feel sick as if they have the flu or a cold. While the severe ones can be extreme.

Allergies- Who Can Get Them?

When it comes to allergies, anyone can get them, and the age doesn’t matter. Allergies can be developed as a kid, and people might not have any symptoms whatsoever until adults.

The difference why some people are sensitive to allergens while most are not is in the genes. You see, allergies run in families. If neither parent is allergic to something, there is still a small change to get allergies.

But if at least one of the parents is, the odds are up. Also, the world plays a part. People have to have a tendency and exposure to a particular allergen before they get allergy. The more exposed they are, the more likely they will get it.

Things that might cause allergies are hormones, smoking, infection, and pollution.

Relief – How to Get It?

There are treatment options for moderate and mild allergic reaction. Decongestants and antihistamines might help treat some symptoms. So can nasal sprays.

In case someone has allergic-type asthma, a doctor may prescribe an inhaler to ease the attacks. Or inject an antibody to manage its symptoms. If that doesn’t help, a doctor might give allergy shots.

This treatment is commonly known as immunotherapy. It’s good for allergic asthma and hay fever. There is also one more type of immunotherapy, and that is tablets to put under the tongue.

When it comes to sinuses, the symptoms might be eased with OTC medications, i.e. over-the-counter medications.

These are the basics about allergies everyone should know.